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SDR: from Bretton Woods to a world currency


Elena Flor PL


SDR: from Bretton Woods to a world currency
Author: Elena Flor
Publisher: Peter Lang
Year 2019
ISBN
9782807610194 pb.

 

Keynes’s proposal in 1944 at the Bretton Woods Conference to found the new international monetary system on a world currency (the "bancor") was rejected and the dollar – convertible into gold – was put at the center of the system. In 1968 the IMF created its own "unit of account" – the SDR – based on a basket of national currencies and, in 1971, president Nixon announced the end of dollar convertibility to gold. In 2008 the financial crisis erupted and in 2016 the renminbi was included in the SDR basket: a new international multi-currency reserve system is emerging. This work offers a synthetic but comprehensive view of the international monetary system’s evolution from an original perspective: the process for reinforcing and stabilizing it through the gradual introduction of a world currency (notably, the SDR).[...]

European budget and sustainable growth

Majocchi PL


European Budget and Sustainable Growth
The Role of a Carbon Tax
Author: Alberto Majocchi
Publisher: Peter Lang
Year:  2018
ISBN 9782807609877 pb.
 
In the first part of the book an analysis is developed regarding the fiscal structure of the Monetary Union, starting by the Maastricht constraints and going through the Stability and Growth Pact to the Fiscal Compact. The main idea is that a new structure of the European budget should be promoted, with an increased size and new own resources, overcoming the limits of the current structure either on the revenue side or on the expenditure one. The main role of a renewed budget will be to provide the European public goods that are necessary to guarantee internal and external security, protection of the environment, technological innovations and all the measures that are needed to support growth and competitiveness of European production. A Stabilisation Fund should be put in place, so that the Eurozone could be able to face with adequate means a new general or asymmetric shock. [...]

Building Regionalism from Below

9782807605503

 
Building Regionalism from Below
The Role of Parliaments and Civil Society in Regional Integration in Africa
Edited by: Korwa G. Adar, Giovanni Finizio e Angela Meyer
Publisher: Peter Lang
Year 2018
ISBN 99782807605503 pb.
 

 This edited book provides a comprehensive and comparative analytical overview of parliamentary bodies and civil society in Africa, both at the regional and national level, and their role in the ongoing regionalisation processes on the African continent. Gathering contributions from African and European experts, the book offers a collection of actual and historical facts and information, critically analyses the evolution, potential and effective place of parliamentary bodies and civil society in the context and development of regional cooperation and integration, and discusses major challenges that still need to be overcome.

Governing Europe

Governin Europe

 
Governing Europe 
How to Make the EU More Efficient and Democratic
Edited by: Lorenzo Vai, Pier Domenico Tortola and Nicoletta Pirozzi
Publisher: Peter Lang
Year 2017
ISBN 9782807600607 pb.
 
This book is a collection of the contributions to the Governing Europe project, which tackles the current situation and the future developments of the European mechanism of governance, putting forward a series of policy and institutional recommendations for the medium and long term, aimed at improving the democratic nature and the effectiveness of the European decision-making processes.

 

United through Diversity

United_through_diversity

 
United through Diversity 
An Insight into Federalism and Ecumenism within Italian Protestantism
by: Filippo Maria Giordano
Publisher: Peter Lang
Year  2016
ISBN 9782807600355 pb.
 

 

Democracy at the United Nations

Democracy at the United Nations
Democracy at the United Nations
UN Reform in the Age of Globalisation
Edited by: Giovanni Finizio e Ernesto Gallo
Publisher: Peter Lang
Year 2013
ISBN 978-90-5201-894-2 pb.