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EU Defence

Since the EU failure response in the ex-Yugoslavia crises, the lack of adequate European military capabilities revealed the substantial inability to implement an effective foreign policy at the EU level. This situation persuaded the European institutions to resume the development of a common EU defence policy.. 
 
This realisation led in 1999 to the setting up of the first blocs of the common European defence. Although modest in scope, in the following years the newly created military instruments have been the testing ground of the EU cooperation in the defence area. Several military and civilian missions have been carried in worldwide theatres.
 
Nevertheless, in addition to a dearth of political will, the recent civil wars in Libya and Mali and the ongoing Ukrainian crisis have shown the necessity for more common defence capabilities by a EU that aspires to become a real player in world affairs. At stake is its relevance together with its ability to protect its interests. Moreover maintaining largely national defence assets is costly and often wasteful.
 
After the European Council of December 2013 the EU Heads of Government agreed on new measures for extending cooperation in the defence area. The European Council will assess concrete progress in June 2015 and provide further guidance, on the basis of a report from the Council drawing on inputs from the Commission, the High Representative and the European Defence Agency.
 
The Centre for Studies on Federalism has decided to create this ad hoc website to provide information about current decision-making and will also present relevant material for future institutional, strategic and economic aspects. It has the ambition of being be of interest for different and large audiences. The Centre will welcome any input or suggestion to improve the website.
 
Giancarlo Chevallard,
Coordinator of the CSF Foreign Policy and Defence Working Group
Turin, September 2014